J. Chem. Phys. 121, 9461-9473 (2004).
(Received 19 July 2004; accepted 19 August 2004)
The Cotton-Mouton effect (magnetic field induced linear birefringence) has been studied for neon and argon using state-of-the-art coupled cluster techniques. The coupled cluster singles, doubles and triples (CCSDT) approach has been used to obtain static benchmark results and the CC3 model with an approximate treatment of triple excitations to obtain frequency-dependent results. In the case of neon the effect of excitations beyond triples has also been estimated via coupled cluster calculations including quadruple excitations (CCSDTQ), pentuple excitations (CCSDTQP), etc. up to the full configuration-interaction level. The results obtained for the anisotropy of the hypermagnetizability Deltaeta(omega), the molecular property that determines the magnetic field induced birefringence of spherically symmetric systems, are Deltaeta=2.89 a.u. for neon and Deltaeta=24.7 a.u. for argon, with a negligible effect of frequency dispersion. For neon we could estimate an absolute error on Deltaeta of 0.1 a.u. The accuracy of these results surpasses that of recently reported experimental data. (C) 2004 American Institute of Physics.
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